Make your own free website on

banner.jpg (16347 bytes)
[ HomeOverview | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Review | Quiz | Exercise 1 | Exercise 2 | Exercise 3 ]



1. In a nutshell, leading and following is a process of effective communication.

A leader best communicates his intentions by the direction of his own body weight, through connections which are clear and free of distractions. Leading and following through a complex set of codes and signals is ambiguous and error-prone.

2. When taking a basic one- or two-hand connection, the elbows should be slightly in front of and outward from the hips.

They should neither be extended too far away from the body, nor contracted in too tightly. The forearms should be extended straight forward from the elbows, parallel to the floor.

3. A good connection is something that transmits a signal.

Normally the direction of the body is the actual producer of the signal.

4. Which is considered acceptable positioning of the hands? Hands loosely cupped.

A cupped position of the hands enables them to connect through either push or pull, without the need for gripping. Spreading the fingers apart weakens the connection, while squeezing with the thumbs is unnecessary and restrictive.

5. Push and Pull is an action of the body weight.

Push and Pull describes a sensation which is a result not of an action of the hands and arms, but of the direction of body weight towards or away from a connection.

6. When the leader sets his weight forward in a "push" connection, the follower should reciprocate with equal push.

The follower should respond to a weight connection with a weight connection, and to a movement with a movement. The follower should not respond to a push or pull connection with a step in any direction.

7. The arms should react to a "pull" connection by maintaining the same position.

Although a certain limited degree of flexibility is not a bad thing, one must be careful how much they allow the arms to extend and contract. In general, the arms should not be too affected by the push or pull tension running through them.

8. Which weight connection is used most frequently to lead the follower to step backwards? Push.

A push connection is normally established prior to leading the partner into a back step (although in theory, either push or pull could be used).

9. Which weight connection can be used to lead the follower to step sideways? Either push or pull.

Side steps can be led with either connection, depending on the context.

10. True or false: When leading oppositional movement, the leader should use his arms instead of a weight connection. False.

When leading oppositional movement, the leader should use a slight impulse through the arms and hands in addition to, not instead of, a weight connection. As always, the weight connection must be established first.



Find out what people are saying about this dance lesson! Comments, questions, and suggestions are welcome at the Discussion Forum and Bulletin Board.



banner_small.jpg (6476 bytes)Copyright 1997 Reproduction by any means, including printing or copying of content, files, media clips, or html code is not allowed without permission from the copyright holder. For more information, see Terms and Limits of Usage